What is Scuba Diving? Scuba diving refers
to swimming under water and using breathing
equipment (scuba gear) to breathe under water.
Scuba diving gear consists of a mask, a self-contained
underwater breathing apparatus, and fins.
Other Names for Scuba Diving: Skin Diving,
Deep-sea Diving. The term scuba diving is actually
an acronym for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing
Scuba Diving in Foreign Languages:
Scuba Diving in Foreign
Scuba Diving History: Diving has played
an important part in history. The earliest divers
date back to the very first sponge divers. Additionally
the story of Scyllis, refers to a Greek sailor
circa 500 BC, who used a reed to breathe as
he cut the mooring lines of Persian ships. There
were a number of attempts to assist with under
water breathing throughout the centuries. In
1771, John Smeaton, a British engineer, invented
the air pump. That invention was followed by
the invention of a rebreathing device developed
by, Sieur Freminet. Unfortunately, Freminet's
invention was a poor one, the inventor died
from lack of oxygen after being in his own device
for twenty minutes. In 1825, William James,
designed another self-contained breather, a
cylindrical iron "belt" attached to a copper
helmet. The rebreather allowed divers to submerge
for approximately 7 minutes. In 1873, BenoÓt
Rouquayrol and Auguste Denayrouze invented equipment
that consisted of a rigid diving suit with a
safer air supply, however the gear weighed about
200 pounds, making unrealistic. This invention
was followed by one by Henry Fleuss. Fleuss
invented a closed circuit, oxygen rebreather,
that was originally intended to be used in the
repair of an iron door of a flooded ship's chamber.
Fleuss' invention was developed in 1876. Fleuss'
invention was then used for a thirty-foot deep
dive. Fleuss' suffered the same fate as Freminet,
though the cause was different. Fleuss died
from the pure oxygen; oxygen is toxic to humans
under pressure. The infamous Harry Houdini even
got involved in the inventions of diving equipment.
In 1921 Houdini invented a diving suit, to aid
with his underwater escape. In 1942 Aqualung
was introduced. The Aqualung was developed by
Emile Gagnan and Jacques-Yves Cousteau. Modern
portable breathing equipment has become lighter
and has allowed for divers to stay under the
water for longer periods of time.
Scuba Diving Competition History: Scuba
diving is not a competitive sport.
Modern Scuba Diving: Modern portable
breathing equipment has become lighter and has
allowed for divers to stay under the water for
longer periods of time.
Types of Scuba Diving: The most common
types of diving are: open water diving, wreck
diving, cave diving, rescue diving, drift diving,
night diving, deep diving, ice diving, river
diving, high altitude diving, kayak diving
Scbua Diving Photos